Dr Tom Kerns
North Seattle Community College


A Few Significant Dates in
The Modern Period


1517 Luther's Ninety-five theses: Beginning of the Reformation.

1543 Copernicus' The Revolutions of the Heavenly Bodies: Beginning of the scientific revolution.

1607 Founding of the first English colony in North America, at Jamestown, Virginia.

1632 Galileo's Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief World Systems.

1633 Galileo condemned by the Inquisition.

1637 Descartes' Discourse on Method.

1677 Spinoza's Ethics.

1684 Leibnitz publishes his discovery of the infinitesimal calculus (he made the discovery in 1675; Newton had discovered it nine years earlier, but did not publish).

1687 Newton's Principia: climax of the scientific revolution.

1690 Locke's Essay Concerning Human Understanding.

1710 Berkeley's Principles of Human Knowledge.

1739-40 Hume's A Treatise of Human Nature.

1776 American Declaration of Independence. Adam Smith's Wealth of Nations.

1781 Kant's Critique of Pure Reason.

1787 U.S. Constitution.

1789 French Revolution begins.

1799 Napoleon comes to power in France.