Dr Tom Kerns
North Seattle Community College


Definitions of Some Words used in Arthur Schopenhauer's

The World as Will and Representation

vol I

Definitions from Websters Dictionary - with a few modifications

Some words in Schopenhauer's Philosophy









feh NAH men on noun a: an object or aspect known through the senses rather than by thought or intuition
b: a spatio-temporal object of sensory experience
from Greek phainomenos, present
participle of phainesthai to appear, middle voice of phainein to show

Pl: phenomena

feh NAH men uh


NOO men on noun a posited object or event as it is in itself, independent of perception by the senses from Greek nooumenon, that which is apprehended by thought, from noein to think, conceive, from nous mind 1796

Pl: noumena

NOO men uh

 a priori

AH pree OAR ee adjective Being without examination or analysis: presumptive Latin, literally, from the former 1652  

 a posteriori

ah POST er ee OAR ee adjective Relating to or derived by reasoning from observed facts Latin, literally, from the latter 1588  


ee tee AH luh jee noun a. Cause, origin; specifically: all of the causes of a disease or abnormal condition
b. a branch of knowledge concerned with causes
Medieval Latin aetiologia, statement of causes, from Greek aitiologia, from aitia cause 1555  


mor FALL uh jee noun a branch of biology that deals with the form and structure of animals and plants; a study of structure or form German Morphologie, from morph- (form, shape) + -logie ­logy  1830  


aye DEE uh noun a transcendent entity that is a real pattern of which existing things are imperfect representations   14th century